Sunday, August 6, 2017

Voltage Divider And Theories On Basic Electronics

By Jason Taylor

The first thing you must know when you build an electrical device with your own circuits are theories on basic electronics. Find out the various components used for them and the ways of properly connecting them with each other. Study also how to create and read a schematic diagram which graphically represents an electrical circuit with symbols and images.

Doing so is important when you like to make a particular device but still confused on some parts of this process. This may be something a bit advance for you like the voltage divider which the output produced is a portion only of its input. Before tackling that, learn first or review the basic theories in electronics to better understand the advance stuffs.

Start with identifying the two types of electricity which are alternating current or AC and direct current or DC. The direction that electrical signals flows in AC is reversing constantly or alternating and the reversal rate is measured in Hertz. The flow in DC though is one direction from power source to ground and commonly found with batteries.

A closed circuit is when the electric current is allowed to pass through a path from power source to ground which normally indicates a device is functioning. While an open one breaks this path and will prevent the movement just like in turning off a machine. This is done with a switch so you could alternate between them instead of removing the source.

Components creates resistance if current pass through from a positive voltage to a ground and a short circuit happens when these two are connected directly. Avoid this direct connections because they would result in breaking, overheating, explosion or fire. Putting only a switch between them is not enough and other parts are needed for additional resistance.

Wiring things together could be done with two ways that are called series as well as parallel and the former indicating that every component is wired after each one. While the latter would indicate that the parts were wired next to the other which makes electricity simultaneously pass them. Both ways can be used together when you build circuits.

Adding resistance into circuits is done with resistors and they reduce current flow and are also available in a variety of values measured with ohms. They have wattage ratings also and their value is indicated by colored bands around their body. You could learn reading these bands or look up for graphs that helps in calculating their values.

Capacitors are components that stores electricity then discharges them when it drops and is measured in Farads with common ones being microfarad, nanofarad and picofarad. The commonly used types of capacitors are ceramic disc and electrolytic. The former being non polarized and the latter polarized requiring one of its leg to be properly connected with the power or ground.

Diodes are components that are polarized allowing one direction of passage for currents and causes a voltage drop as well. The side called cathode connects to the power and the opposite side is called anode. These are samples only of a few basic theories so research more about them.

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